Characteristics of Cervical Precancerous Lesions at Tertiary Hospital in West Java, Indonesia

  • Akbar Maulana
  • Birgitta Maria Dewayani
  • Bethy Surjawathy Hernowo
Keywords: cervical intraepithelial neoplasia, cervical cancer, characteristic, risk factor


The incidence of cervical cancer was continues to increase even though various risk factors and prevention efforts have been made.
Cervical cancer begins with the development of a precancerous lesion (Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia/CIN) which is an abnormal
cell growth in the cervical epithelium. This study aims to see the proportion of risk factors for cervical cancer in CIN patients at Dr.
Hasan Sadikin, Bandung.
This study used a cross-sectional retrospective descriptive research method using secondary data of CIN patients for the period
January 2016 - December 2020 from the archives of the anatomical pathology laboratory and clinical medical records of patients in
the form of age, marriage history, total parity, age at marriage, age at menarche, usage of hormonal contraceptives, smoking habits,
clinical symptoms and histopathological degrees.
There were total sample 40 cases of CIN. The 41-50 year age category is the largest age range of all NIS cases (35%). The results
of this research data were history of marriage 1x (85%), age at marriage in the range of 20-30 years (47.5%), history of menarche in
the age range 10-15 years (90%), history of multiparous (65%), used of hormonal contraceptives (52.5%), non-smoking habits
(67.5%), clinical symptoms of vaginal bleeding (42.5%) and histopathological grade of CIN 1 (47.5%).
Cervical precancerous lesions at RSUP Dr. Hasan Sadikin occurred between fourth and fifth decades of life with a history of being
married once, multiparous, married at the age of 20-30 years, menarche at the age of 10-15 years, using hormonal contraception,
not smoking, complaints of vaginal bleeding and the majority of cases were CIN 1.


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