Relationship between Age and Gender with Histopathological Type of Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma

Authors

  • Bryan Melvern
  • Vega Karlowee
  • Meira Dewi Kusuma Astuti

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.55816/mpi.v31i3.516

Keywords:

nasopharyngeal carcinoma, incidence, age, sex, histopathological type

Abstract

Background
Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is a malignancy with a high incidence in Indonesia. Recent studies had found several factors that
influence the incidence and prognosis of NPC including age, sex, and histopathological type. This study aimed to determine the
relationship between age and sex with the histopathological type of NPC.
Methods
Subjects were NPC patients diagnosed by the Anatomical Pathology Department of Dr. Kariadi General Hospital Medical Center
(RSUP Dr. Kariadi) from 1st January 2017-31st December 2019. Data were collected from the medical record. The relationship
between age and sex with the histopathological type of NPC was examined.
Results
There were 201 NPC patients during 2017-2019 in RSUP Dr. Kariadi. The highest number of NPC incidence was in the range of
54-59 years old. There were more males than females at the ratio of 2.24:1. Undifferentiated non-keratinizing cell carcinoma type
NPC was the most common type (90.5% of NPC patients), followed by differentiated non-keratinizing cell carcinoma and squamous
cell carcinoma consecutively. Both age and sex had no significant relationship with the histopathological type of NPC (p>0.05).
Conclusion
There was no relationship between age and sex with the histopathological type of NPC.

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Published

2022-09-12

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Section

Articles